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Be aware that this research is not scientific or universally true, but rather a compendium of ideas and views that can possibly estimate fantasies.

Video courtesy of Ocean Observatories Initiative. (2024)

Galibert F, Azzouzi N. Are the Olfactory Receptors Present at the Sperm Membrane Involved in Reproduction? Int J Mol Sci. 2023 Jul 10;24(14):11277. doi: 10.3390/ijms241411277. PMID: 37511035; PMCID: PMC10379156.

McGee, H. (2020). Nose dive: a field guide to the world’s

smells. New York, Penguin Press.

Ghos, P. Ghosh (2017). Earliest evidence of life on Earth 'found'. Science correspondent, BBC News.

Drake, N. (2017). This May Be the Oldest Known Sign of Life on Earth. science article, National Geographic.


Pluznick J. (2016). You smell with your body, not just

your nose

Dodd MS, Papineau D, Grenne T, Slack JF, Rittner M, Pirajno F, O'Neil J, Little CT. Evidence for early life in Earth's oldest hydrothermal vent precipitates. Nature. 2017 Mar 1;543(7643):60-64. doi: 10.1038/nature21377. PMID: 28252057.

Image courtesy of Submarine Ring of Fire 2006 Exploration, NOAA Vents Program

Martin W, Russell MJ. On the origins of cells: a hypothesis for the evolutionary transitions from abiotic geochemistry to chemoautotrophic prokaryotes, and from prokaryotes to nucleated cells. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2003 Jan 29;358(1429):59-83; discussion 83-5. doi: 10.1098/rstb.2002.1183. PMID: 12594918; PMCID: PMC1693102.

Huber REder W, Heldwein S, Wanner G, Huber H, Rachel R, Stetter KO.1998.Thermocrinis ruber gen. nov., sp. nov., a Pink-Filament-Forming Hyperthermophilic Bacterium Isolated from Yellowstone National Park. Appl Environ Microbiol64:.

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